1. Best Sowing Time:

Monsoon & best grown in summer.

2. Soil Temprature:

Optimal soil temperature: 10-40°C (40-85°F). Seeds should germinate in 7-15 days.

3. Steps for Seed Sowing Method:
  • Take a container of your choice with drainage holes at the bottom.
  • Fill the container with proper potting layers & selected growing medium.
  • Sow 2 seeds at the centre of a pot.

  • Spacing:
  • On raised beds, sow two seeds per spot in a spacing of 2 x 2 ft.
  • Push the seeds a little in soil medium with your fingers & completely cover them with surrounding soil.
  • Water the sown seed bed immediately by a light shower with a watering can.

4. Growth Steps of Round Gourd (Tinda) Plants
  • Sprouting Stage: Seeds will germinate within first 6-8 days or so & tiny sprouts will be visible. .
  • Cotyledons: The first two leaves will emerge in the second week of germination. These are false leaves called as cotyledons.
  • First leaves: First leaves will emerge above cotyledons at the end of the second week.
  • Seedling stage: Second week onwards, seedlings will start growing into a small plant. .
  • Thinning: After the second week, keep only single seedling at one spot, Cut off the weak, small & lagging seedlings with a pair of scissors.

5. How to Take Care For Round Gourd (Tinda) Plants
  • Sunlight: Indian Round Gourd plants require full sunlight. Therefore your raised bed should be made at a bright sunny spot. Keep the Indian Round Gourd container under open sunlight.
  • Watering: Water your potted Indian Round Gourd plant every day in summer. Water the soil near the plant. Use a watering can to make sure that the plants get water in the form of the shower & not by a single flow.
  • Trellis: Indian Round gourd is an aggressive climber & needs plenty of space to grow. So develop a strong trellis support up to height of 5-6 ft, by using locally available material like pipes, bamboo, ropes, wires etc. for your Indian Round gourd plant.
  • Manuring: As mentioned earlier, add good quality organic manure in the soil with 2:1 ratio before sowing seeds. Organic manure can be well rotten cow dung manure, farmyard manure, compost or vermicompost. .
  • Top Dressing: When your Indian Round gourd climber is more than 45 days old, provide one tablespoon of 15:15:15 (NPK) Fertilizer per plant or mix handful of Vermicompost in the soil around each plant. .
  • Plant care: Always look for the early signs of any insect/fungal/ any other infections. Spray appropriate medicines as soon as any symptoms of such diseases are spotted. Watch out for Powdery Mildew when plants are young.
  • Hand pollination of flowers: Take ‘pollens’ from male flowers on painting brush or cotton bud & dust them on ‘stigma’ of female flowers. This will increase overall production of Indian Round Gourd. This step is not mandatory.
  • Harvesting: (80 to 90 days from sowing.) Indian Round gourd climber will start flowering at the end of 3rd month. You can start harvesting ripe Indian Round gourd fruits after 3 months of seed sowing. Harvesting season can continue for next 3 months.

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