How to Grow Round Gourd (Tinda) Seeds
|Growing Round Gourd (Tinda) Seeds|
|Before planting tinda seeds, be sure to choose a location where the soil drains well. If the location tends to accumulate standing water, sand can be added to make the soil drier and more stable.|
Tinda gourds grow best in tropical or sub-tropical climates with long, warm growing seasons where the seeds can be planted in January or February. If you live in a colder climate, you can start the seeds indoors in peat pots, then transplant them outdoors after the final frost. The most important thing to remember is that the soil temperature needs to be from 86-90 degrees Fahrenheit for the seeds to germinate.
Always soak tinda seeds overnight before planting. For best results, the tinda seeds should be planted in small mounds of dirt that are spaced four to six feet apart, with each mound measuring about three feet tall and one foot in diameter. These mounds will provide extra water drainage so that the seeds won't get waterlogged.
If you're planting tinda seeds in rows, you'll want to space them at least twelve inches apart. Drop one or two seeds in each mound of earth, at a depth of about an inch. Once the tinda gourds start growing, you'll need to thin them out so that they're spaced about three feet apart. Otherwise, they may not get enough light and air.
Vertical Trellis Planting
Tinda gourds can also be trained to climb vertically up a trellis, fence, or garden support. Vertical growing not only saves ground space, it can also provide tinda gourds with more exposure to sunlight and air. For best results, use a strong, sturdy trellis or fence that's at least six feet high. You can use garden ties, twine, or wire to secure the vine so that it's not too top-heavy.
|Tinda Plant Care|
Keep the soil moist around the seeds until germination starts. Once the tinda seedlings are growing, water the garden once per week. Avoid getting the leaves of the tinda plant wet to keep fungus from forming.
About 30 days after the plants start to grow, apply a general purpose fertilizer. Follow the instructions on the fertilizer for rate application. Use either a water soluble or granulated fertilizer.
In some areas, there are not enough bees to produce a large crop of tinda gourds. In such locations, hand pollination is a benefit. Swab the inside of the male tinda flower with a small paint brush to pick up the yellow, sticky pollen. Transfer the yellow pollen on the paint brush to the female tinda flower by swabbing the pollen onto the inside of the female flower. Hand pollination is a successful way to ensure that the tinda grows an ample crop of gourds. Tinda plants usually start to flower 30 to 35 days after seed germination. Once pollination occurs, the fruit reaches maturity in about 15 days.
Tinda requires adequate air circulation when growing to prevent fungal diseases and to receive ample sunlight. Constructing a trellis system for the tinda vines to climb is ideal and saves on valuable ground garden space. A vertical support system makes harvesting easier.
Pests and Fungus
Watch for pests on the Tinda plants. Fruit flies, beetles and white flies often dine on the tinda plant. If pests are spotted, use an insecticide spray or oil to control them before damage to the plant occurs. If fungus should occur on the plant's leaves, apply a general purpose fungicide.
|Harvesting Tinda Gourd|
|Harvest the tinda gourds when they are young, green and round. Mature gourds measure approximately 5 inches in diameter. Clip the gourds from the plant using pruners so the fruit stalk is short. New gourds will continue to form on the tinda until frost eventually kills the plant.|
|Time to Plant Tinda Seeds|
|Tinda seeds require a long, hot growing season to reach maturity. The seeds are generally planted in the spring after all danger of frost has passed. Ideally the seeds should be planted in regions where early planting -- January and February -- are feasible to give the gourds an adequate growing season. In areas that suffer late spring frosts, the seeds can be started indoors in a sunny location in peat pots. In regions with short summers, the vines will rarely produce gourds before fall frost kills them. Tinda seeds require soil temperate to be 86 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit to germinate.|
|Soil Preparation For the Tinda Seeds|
|Tinda plants thrive with ample sunshine. The soil should have a pH ranging from 6.5 to 7.5 for ideal growth. Add organic compost to the soil prior to planting the seeds. Till the organic compost into the soil to create a nutrient rich fertile planting location.|
|Proper growth can be facilitated by addition of 50 to 60 kg/ha of nitrogen which helps in stimulation of early growth. We can apply one third of nitrogen along with full dose of phosphorus and potassium , while sowing the seeds. The rest of the nitrogen can be applied during early growth period.|
In order to improve seed germination and proper growth, 30 to 60 kg/ha of phosphorus and 40 to 60 kg/ha of potassium is used
10 t/ha of FYM can be applied for proper nutrient content after sowing.
Before the last ploughing, certain biofertilizers should be applied so that the soil get proper nutrient for content growth as they have the tendency to mobilise nutrients and are also able to fix nitrogen. Azospirillum, which can fix nitrogen and Phosphobacter, which can solubilise insoluble phosphorus at 2kg/ha and Pseudomonas at 2.5 kg/ha along with 50 kg of FYM and 100 kg of neem cake can be applied to prevent disease manifestation and proper growth.
Plant growth regulators also have a role on tinda cultivation. Gibberellins can be used to increase flower and vegetable size as it stimulates cell division and elongation. Ethylene generators can be used for ripening of vegetable.
|Planting Site Preparation For Tinda Seeds|
|Tinda seeds can be grown in hills or in rows. When planting tinda seeds in a hill, form a mound of dirt that measures approximately one foot in diameter and measures three feet tall. Each mound should be spaced four to six feet apart. When planting tinda in rows, space the rows five feet apart. If transplanting tinda seedlings from inside to outside, plant the seedlings in the garden only after there is no danger of a late frost.|
|Tinda Seed And Preparation Planting|
|Soak the tinda seeds overnight in water before planting. Place one or two tinda seeds in each mound of soil. If planting seeds in rows, sprinkle the seeds into the row and space the seeds about 12 to 18 inches apart. Once the seedlings start to grow in rows, it will be necessary to thin the seedlings so they are spaced approximately 3 feet apart to afford ample growth room. Once planted, the tinda seeds take about 15 days to germinate.|
|Tinda gourds flourish in sandy soil with a pH range of 6.5 to 7.5. Before planting the tinda seeds, it's a good idea to enrich the soil with balanced organic compost. After the first month of growth, you can add an all-purpose fertilizer - water-soluble or granulated types work best.|
|After the seedlings germinate, they can be watered once a week, but be careful not to overwater your tinday, as they thrive in dry, warm conditions.|
|Tinda seeds and plants are attractive to bees, birds, and butterflies, and can be vulnerable to beetles, fruit flies, and white flies. While fungicides and insecticides can be used, some gardeners prefer using fish meal traps and other organic methods to control pests.|
|Its numerous health benefits include anti-inflammatory agents which control or prevent heart disease, blood pressure and cancer (prostate in particular); fiber content available in Tinda aids digestion and carotene which slows down the ageing process.|
|Sow the seeds on one side of the channel. hin the seedlings after 15 days to maintain two/pit at 0.9 m spacing.|